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PHONETIC ALPHABETS
HISTORIC, ENGLISH & OTHERS

John Alcorn,  VK2JWA,  QTHR,  QRZ.com
Wireless Institute of Australia - First in the World - 1910 Amateur Radio NSW, Original - 1910 Summerland Amateur Radio Club - Formed 1959 WICEN NSW - Emergency Comms Services City of Lismore, Northern NSW

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  1. INTRO, - "PHONETIC ALPHABETS", - INFO WANTED, - ACCENTS - [ VOTE ]
  2. NATO PHONETIC ALPHABET, LETTER & FIGURE LISTS - ICS 1987
  3. PHONETICS, Q, X, Z CODES, ABBREVS., MORSES, PROCEDURES BOOK.
  4. LISTINGS FROM BRIAN KELK -  Nov 2002
  5. LISTINGS ADDED BY JWA - + & + Photos (Flood, Heliographs, Telegraph)
  6. MNEMONIC ALPHABETS -
  7. MY BOOK 3rd EDITION NOW AVAILABLE -)+ & +   * ! DOWNLOAD HERE ! * -
  8. MAKE CREDIT CARD PAYMENT - * PAYPAL ** PAYMATE *
  9. AUSTRALIA POSTAGE RATE CALCULATOR
  10. HISTORY - 41st BATTALION, RNSWR. 1916 - 1984. + & + Photos (41RNSWR)
  11. SUMMERLAND AMATEUR RADIO CLUB + & + Photos
  12. WICEN TRAINING MANUAL - (Extracts) + & + Photos
  13. MORSUM MAGNIFICAT (Out of Print) de Zig Nilski G3OKD
  14. LINKS TO RELATED COMMS INFORMATION SOURCES.
  15. SEND COMMENTS, ADDITIONS or CORRECTIONS.
  16. Amateur Radio Connection WebRing
  17. WEB SEARCH - INFOSEEK and others.
  18. Intervisnet UTC/GMT/ World Time Zones.+ & + WORLD TIMES + & + CALENDAR
  19. DICTIONARY of UNITS of MEASUREMENT.
  20. History as it happened on this day.

    Updating as at 11 May. 2010. - Accessed Hit Counter by Digits times since 6 June 1997.

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  • Introduction, "Phonetic Alphabets"This page carries the postings created by Brian Kelk (page) of Cambridge, UK. plus other information.
    Full credit and thanks are given to Brian for his work which he has updated with new listings. (Nov 2002)

    His postings continue to be listed here and by Fuat Baran at Columbia, USA.,
    "Phonetic Alphabets"; as listed herein are not truly phonetic as they do not describe the sounding of the letters represented. The need arose after the invention of the telephone and more so of radiotelephony for means to correctly identify letters and words sent by these equipments.
    Lists of words were devised which were incorrectly called -
    "Phonetic Alphabets" - by the military and this nomenclature has stuck.


  • Research Material Wanted
  • The following material / information is sought for further research -
    1. 1857 US 'National Telegraphic Review & Operator's Guide' - Numeral Codes.
    2. 1891 'Manual of Instruction in Army Telegraphy: Field Telegraphs' HMSO.
    3. 1899 US 'War Dept. Telegraphic Code'. Wash.DC: GPO.
    4. 1908 'Instruction in Army Telegraphy and Telephony' London. HMSO.
    5. 1913 Royal Navy - 'Handbook of Signalling'
    6. Services Signal Manuals between the years 1911 - 1952.
    7. 1923 OU 5371 'British Army W/T Operating Signals. X-Codes'.
    8. 1938 Royal Signals - 'Sig. Training Vol 5. Sig. Office Org and Procedure'
    9. 1952 British Army 'Signal Training Pam 7, Voice Procedure'
    10. US or Other Language Manuals or References.
    11. Original or Photocopy wanted, willing to buy or pay costs.
    12. Info on the WW2 Cairns to Coffs Harbour Heliograph Links.
    13. US 1857 Numeral Codes for no's 11,16,20,40,41,45-54,56-72,74-76,78-87, 89,90,94,96,98,101-133, any over 134.
    14. US Police 11-Codes 1-6, 8-10, 11-23, 31-39, 67-70, 72-77, 87-93, 100.
    15. US Police 12-Codes 8,11,13-15,18,19,22-24,27,30,36-38,42,46-48,51-56.
    16. CB 10-Codes 47-49,51-54,56-59,61,72,76,78-80,86,87,96,98,101,103-199.
    17. Trucker's 12-Codes 4-23,26-34,36,40-44,51-60,62-64,66-68,70,71,79-82.
    18. CB 13-Codes 8-19, 27-39, 48,49, anything over 53.

  • Phonetic Alphabet Listings and Accents.
  • Many non-English languages use accented letters and as it is mostly not easy or possible to print these on some mailers, viewers or printers, codes have been devised to indicate these accents.
    Lists inserted by me are signed off by - (JWA).
    I have adopted the system mostly used by SIL-IPA in their TT fonts.
    I use the convention where the accent follows the accented letter.
    This is not universally used and varies with different methods.
    Lists not composed by me retain the originator's system.
    Where no code is practical, the unaccented letter is used.

    Accent Example Substitute
    Acute á = a-acute a' (/ over letter)
    Cedilla ç = c-cedilla c, (,like under letter)
    Circle above å = a-circle a* (o over letter)
    Circumflex ê = e-circumflex e^ (^ over letter)
    Grave è = e-grave e\ (\ over letter)
    Hacek š = s-hacek s+ (inverted ^ over letter)
    Tilde ñ = n-tilde n~ (~ over letter)
    Umlaut ö = o-umlaut o" (two dots over letter)
    Site Map    What's New    Search

  • The NATO Phonetic Alphabet
  • This Alphabet, also known as the ITU, International, Aircraft and other names, was developed after World War II. The most common one then in use was that of the Allied Armed Forces. These were, however, based on the English language using words not suitable in other languages.
    Postwar Aviation was becoming very internationalised so the "experts" from many nations drew up word options looking for phonetically suitable words that were commonly used in as many languages as possible.
    By 1952 the ICAO adopted a version which with minor changes was adopted by the Allied Forces then by NATO and by the ITU in 1956.
    This is becoming a world standard but is not compulsory.
    Within national boundaries and jurisdictions nations can and do use their own versions if they wish.
    Even within the USA it is not used widely by the civil authorities.

    Spelling variations occur within different languages.
    Column alignments vary with different browsers and monitors.


    The NATO Phonetic Alphabet - (Basic)

    
        A - ALFA	   G - GOLF	  M - MIKE	  T - TANGO
    
        B - BRAVO	   H - HOTEL	  N - NOVEMBER	  U - UNIFORM
    
        C - CHARLIE	   I - INDIA	  O - OSCAR	  V - VICTOR
    
        D - DELTA	   J - JULIETT	  P - PAPA	  W - WHISKEY
    
        E - ECHO	   K - KILO	  Q - QUEBEC	  X - X-RAY
    
        F - FOXTROT	   L - LIMA	  R - ROMEO	  Y - YANKEE
    
    			 	  S - SIERRA	  Z - ZULU
    
    

    Letter and Figure Spelling Tables                         de JWA 25 Nov '02

    International Code of Signals 1999

    LETTERS: Note: The block syllables are emphasised.
    FIGURES: Note: Each syllable should be equally emphasised.
    The second component of each figure is the codeword used in the Aeronautical Mobile Service.
    Letter Code Word English French
    A Alfa ALfah ALfah
    B Bravo BRAHvoh BRAvo
    C Charlie CHARlee* TCHAHli*
    D Delta DELLtah DELtah
    E Echo ECKoh EKo
    F Foxtrot FOKStrot FOXtrott
    G Golf Golf Golf
    H Hotel HohTELL HohTÈLL
    I India INdeeah INdiah
    J Juliett JEWleeÈTT DJOUliETT
    K Kilo KEYloh KIlo
    L Lima LEEmah LImah
    M Mike Mike MAÏk
    N November NoVEMber NoVÈMMber
    O Oscar OSScah OSSkar
    P Papa PahPAH PahPAH
    Q Quebec KehBECK KéBÈK
    R Romeo ROWmeoh ROmio
    S Sierra SeeAIRrah SiÈRrah
    T Tango TANGgo TANGgo
    U Uniform YOUneeform* YOUniform*
    V Victor VIKtah VIKtar
    W Whiskey WISSkey OUISSki
    X X-ray ECKSray ÈKSSRÉ
    Y Yankee YANGkey YANGki
    Z Zulu ZOOloo ZOUlou
    *or *ou
    SHARLlee CHARli
    OOneeform OUniform
    0 Nadazero Nah-dah-zay-roh Na-da-ze-ro
    1 Unaone Oo-na-wun Ouna-ouann
    2 Bissotwo Bees-soh-too Bis-so-tou
    3 Terrathree Tay-rah-tree Te-ra-tri
    4 Kartefour Kar-tay-fower Kar-té-fo-eur
    5 Pantafive Pan-tah-five Pann-ta-faif
    6 Soxisix Sok-see-six So-xi-sicks
    7 Setteseven Say-tay-seven Sét-té-sev'n
    8 Oktoeight Ok-toh-ait Ok-to-eit
    9 Novenine No-vay-niner No-vé-nai-neu
    . Decimal Point Day-see-mal Dé-si-mal
    . Stop Stop Stop
  • Download a Phonetic Alphabet Chart ( .pdf 33KB )


    Site Map    What's New    Search

    1. BOOK - Q, X, Z Codes, Phonetics, Abbreviations etc.

    Edition 3 of the book below was published in 2002. for the Summerland Amateur Radio Club,
    at Lismore, N.S.W. 2480, Australia.   
  • Unfortunately I will not be around long enough to bring out Editon 4.  
  • I only have a few additional pages to add.         Edition 3 is now available online. 
  • Updates to Edition 3 will be done as Edition 4 progressively as time permits.
  •   - de John Alcorn, VK2JWA.  

  • Codes Book - Front Cover - YOU NEED THIS REFERENCE BOOK           Codes Book - Back Cover  - DOWNLOAD BOOK NOW

    "Radiotelegraph and Radiotelephone Codes, Prowords and Abbreviations"


    Site Map    What's New    Search

    1. Listings from Brian Kelk, as at November, 2002.

    
    Article 47950 of sci.lang:
    Message-ID: <arbmee$QB$1@BCKELK.UKLINUX.NET>
    From: bck22@bckelk.uklinux.net (Brian Kelk)
    Newsgroups: sci.lang,rec.radio.amateur.misc
    Subject: Phonetic alphabets (Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta) (November 2002)
    Date: 18 Nov 2002 21:35:10 -0000
    Lines: 1481
    Organization: individual
    NNTP-Posting-Date: 18 Nov 2002 21:44:05 GMT
    Summary: phonetic/spelling alphabets for various languages
    Keywords: phonetic alphabets
    
               Phonetic Alphabets (Alpha Bravo etc)
    
                            November 2002
    
    There is a widely known alphabet Alpha Bravo ... Yankee Zulu.
    Such alphabets are variously known as phonetic/radio/
    spelling/telephone alphabets, and the term analogy alphabet
    is also used. This collection currently includes alphabets
    for the following languages:
    (Arranged into approx alphabetical order - JWA)
    
    English, Africaans, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, 
    Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish, Flemish, French, German, Greek, 
    Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Kwanyama, Ndonga, Norwegian, Polish,
    Portuguese, Romanian, Romansh, Russian, Serbo-Croat, Slovak, Slovenian,
    Spanish, Swedish, Swahili, Turkish, Ukrainian.
    
    There is also some information about Morse code and
    phonetics for digits.
    
    This posting supersedes the one of 20 July 2001. Changes
    include new material for Czech and Polish, and French/Dutch
    material from Belgium.
    
    My thanks to the many contributors, not all of whom are
    acknowledged below. Particular thanks to Gwillim Law
    gwil@mindspring.com for numerous contributions and for
    looking after posting for a while.
    
    Please report any errors. I will be glad to receive new
    material; further references; anecdotes; whatever.
    
    http://www.bckelk.uklinux.net/menu.html
    
    There is also a copy of the article at:
    
    FUAT BARAN, Columbia, USA.
    
    Editorial comments are in square brackets [ ].
    
    A Web copy of this article, together
    with some further material, can be found at:
    
    http://www.bckelk.uklinux.net
    
    
                            Brian Kelk.  bck22@bckelk.uklinux.net
                            18 November 2002
    
    ***** ENGLISH *****
    
    The NATO phonetic alphabet:
    
    Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta Echo Foxtrot Golf Hotel India
    Juliet Kilo Lima Mike November Oscar Papa Quebec Romeo
    Sierra Tango Uniform Victor Whiskey Xray Yankee Zulu
    
    [This alphabet dates from about 1955 and is approved by the
     International Civil Aviation Organization, the FAA and the
     the International Telecommunication Union; note that
     different bodies prefer different spellings, so one also
     sees: Alfa Juliett Juliette Oskar Viktor]
    
    [The alphabet above is from the Cambridge Encyclopedia of
     Language. An alphabet with Alfa X-ray can be found in The
     U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military Terms.
     Alfa Juliett X-ray, which is the ICAO version, appears in
     A Concise Dictionary Of Slang And Unconventional English
     and also a Langenscheidt dictionary]
    
    [There is one report of UK police using Indigo instead of India.
     German army handbook 90/91: Alfa Foxtrott Juliett.
     Italian version: Alfa Charly FoxTrot Giuliet Romio Wiskey.
     An Indonesian phrase book: Beta Ultra Volvo Whisky X-ray.
     A precursor of the present alphabet (1952?) had: Alfa Coca
     Metro Nectar Siera Union Whisky Extra]
    
    Phonetics for digits (from an amateur radio FAQ):
    
      zero one two tree fower fife six seven eight niner
    
    From the Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language:
    
      zero wun too tree fower fife six seven ait niner
    
    
    Atlantic City ITU convention 1947:
    
      Nadazero     NAH-DAH-ZAY-ROH
      Unaone       OO-NAH-WUN
      Bissotwo     BEES-SOH-TOO
      Terrathree   TAY-RAH-TREE
      Kartefour    KAR-TAY-FOWER
      Pantafive    PAN-TAH-FIVE
      Soxisix      SOK-SEE-SIX
      Setteseven   SAY-TAY-SEVEN
      Oktoeight    OK-TOH-AIT
      Novenine     NO-VAY-NINER
    
    'Telecom B':
    
    [Note similarity to Apples Butter Charlie]
    
    Alfred Benjamin Charles David Edward Frederick George Harry
    Isaac Jack King London Mary Nellie Oliver Peter Queen Robert
    Samuel Tommy Uncle Victor William Xray Yellow Zebra
    
    [Found also in Swedish, Dutch, Hungarian telephone
     directories. An 'analogy alphabet' in a Kenyan directory
     has Charlie and no Y. A Swiss directory: Andrew Charlie
     Lussy Queenie Sugar. French/German vocabulary books: Andrew
     Charlie Lucy Mike Nelly Sugar Xmas. English phrase books
     for Spanish/Italian speakers: Charlie. A 'British English'
     alphabet in a Langenscheidt dictionary: Andrew Charlie Lucy
     Queenie Sugar Xmas]
    
    [Used as an English alphabet by telephone operators in
     Israel]
    
    'British A':
    
    Amsterdam Baltimore Casablanca Denmark Edison Florida
    Gallipoli Havana Italia Jerusalem Kilogramme Liverpool
    Madagascar New_York Oslo Paris Quebec Roma Santiago Tripoli
    Uppsala Valencia Washington Xantippe Yokohama Zurich
    
    [An 'international' alphabet in a Dutch telephone directory
     has: Danemark. A 'French' alphabet in a Hungarian dictionary
     has: Cassablanka Danemark Que'bec Upsala Zu"rich.
     An 'international' alphabet in a business book for French
     has: Italy Kilogram Zu"rich; the corresponding book for 
     German has: Italy Kilogram Xanthippe Zu"rich.
     An 'international' alphabet in a Langenscheidt dictionary:
     Danemark Madagaskar Que'bec Upsala Xanthippe Zu"rich]
     An 'international' alphabet in a Larousse business book:
     Danemark Je'rusalem Que'bec Xanthippe 
    
    [West Berlin telephone directory 1965: Danemark Je'rusalem
     Madagaskar Que'bec Upsala Xanthippe Zu"rich.
     Santa Fe (Argentina) 1955: Dinamarca Habana Jerusale'n
     Kilogramo Nueva_York N~andubay Upsala Wa'shington Xantipo
     Yokoama.
     Azores 1966: Danemark Ita'lia Jerusale'm New-York Que'bec
     Upsala Yokoham]
    
    [Used as a French alphabet by telephone operators in Israel]
    
    Bombay telephone directory 1962 (also a later source):
    
    Army Brother Cinema Doctor English Father Gold Hotel India
    Jam King Lady Mother Navy Orange Paper Queen Raja Sister
    Table Uncle Victory Water X-ray Yellow Zero
    
    Kenyan and Tanzanian telephone directories 1966:
    
    Africa Bombay Charlie Durban England Freddie George Harry
    India Japan Kenya London Mombasa Nairobi Orange Peter Queen
    Robert Sugar Tanga Uganda Victory William X-Ray Yellow
    
    Zanzibar
    
    Johannesburg telephone directory 1965:
    
    [Note similarity to Alfred Benjamin]
    
    Arthur Betty Charlie David Edward Frederick George Harry
    Isaac Jane Kate Lucy Mary Nellie Olive Peter Queen Robert
    Simon Thomas Union Violet William X-Ray York Zero
    
    Malayan telephone directory 1964:
    
    Australia Bombay China Denmark England Fiji Ghana Hongkong
    India Japan Kedah London Malacca Norway Osaka Penang
    Queensland Russia Singapore Turkey Uganda Victoria Wales
    X'Ray Yokohama Zanzibar
    
    Used by police in New York City:
    
    [Note similarity to ARRL and Western Union]
    
    Adam Boy Charlie David Edward Frank George Henry Ida John
    King Lincoln Mary Nora Ocean Peter Queen Robert Sam Tom
    Union Victor William X-ray Young Zebra
    
    [Variants: Eddie Larry Nancy Thomas Yankee Yellow]
    
    Used by police in Nassau County, Long Island, New York
    
    Adam Boston Chicago Denver Edward Frank George Henry Ida
    John King Lincoln Mary Nancy Ocean Peter Queen Robert Sam
    Thomas Union Victor William X-ray Young Zebra
    
    Used by police in San Diego, California:
    
    Adam Boy Charles David Edward Frank George Henry Ida John
    King Lincoln Mary Nora Ocean Paul Queen Robert Sam Tom Unit
    Victor William Xray Yellow Zebra
    
    Used by police in Hutchinson, Kansas:
    
    Adam Boy Charles David Edward Frank George Henry Ida John
    King Lincoln Mary Nora Ocean Paul Q.. Robert Sam Tom Union
    Victor William X-ray Yankee Zebra
    
    Alternative phonetics sometimes used unofficially in amateur
    radio: 
    
    America Boston Canada Denmark England France Germany
    Honolulu Japan Kilowatt London Mexico Norway Ontario/Ocean
    Pacific Radio Santiago/Spain Tokyo United Victoria
    Washington Yokohama Zanzibar
    
    [Also: Amsterdam, Baltimore, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Finland,
     Geneva, Greece, Guatemala, Hawaii, Italy, Kentucky, King,
     Luxembourg, Montreal, Nicaragua, Portugal, Romania, Russia,
     Sweden, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela]
    
    The ARRL (American Radio Relay League) alphabet (1948):
    
    [Note similarity to Western Union and Able Baker]
    
    Adam Baker Charlie David Edward Frank George Henry Ida John
    King Lewis Mary Nancy Otto Peter Queen Robert Susan Thomas
    Union Victor William X-ray Young Zebra
    
    [Nowadays the ARRL endorses the NATO/ICAO/ITU alphabet]
    
    British forces 1904:
    
    Ack Beer C D E F G H I J K L Emma N O Pip Q R Esses Toc U
    Vic W X Y Z
    
    [The OED has a reference for Beer and Emma dated 1891]
    
    
    British 1914, perhaps Post Office approved:
    
    Apple Brother Charlie Dover Eastern Father George Harry
    India Jack King London Mother November October Peter Queen
    Robert Sugar Thomas Uncle Victoria Wednesday Xmas Yellow
    Zebra
    
    
    Royal Navy 1917:
    
    Apples Butter Charlie Duff Edward Freddy George Harry Ink
    Johnnie King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pudding Queenie
    Robert Sugar Tommy Uncle Vinegar Willie Xerxes Yellow Zebra
    
    British Army 1927:
    
    Ack Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddy George Harry Ink Johnnie
    King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert Sugar Toc
    Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra
    
    U.S. Army 1916:
    
    Able Buy Cast Dock Easy Fox George Have Item Jig King Love
    Mike Nap Opal Pup Quack Rush Sail Tape Unit Vice Watch X-ray
    Yoke Zed
    
    U.S. Navy 1940:
    
    Affirmative  Baker  Cast  Dog  Easy  Fox George  Hypo
    Interrogatory  Jig  King  Love  Mike  Negative  Option  Preparatory
    Queen  Roger  Sail  Tare  Unit  Victor  William  Xray  Yoke  Zed
    
    U.S. Army/Navy 1941:  Sail
    
    [In similar alphabets: affirm, cast, hypo, inter, negat,
     option, over, prep]
    
    Used in Thailand: Billy, Jack
    
    [In similar alphabets: Affirm, Cast, Hypo, Inter, Negat, Option, Over, Prep ]
    
    
    Pre-1954 U.S. Navy Radio Alphabet:
    
    (Communications Handbook, 1945)
    
    [Note similarity to Able Buy Cast]
    
    Able Baker Charlie Dog Easy Fox George How Item Jig King
    Love Mike Nan Oboe Peter Queen Roger Sugar Tare Uncle Victor
    William X-ray Yoke Zebra
    
    [formerly used by IBM engineers for hex digits and pin
     positions; still used at at least one site]
    
    "Used by Armed services of USA & GB" (ARRL Handbook, 1945)
    
    Able Baker ... Easy ... Tare ...
    
    RAF 1924-42:
    
    Ac Beer Charlie Don Edward Freddie George Harry Ink Johnnie
    King London Monkey Nuts Orange Pip Queen Robert Sugar Toc
    Uncle Vic William X-ray Yorker Zebra
    
    RAF 1942-43:
    
    Apple Beer Charlie Dog Edward Freddy George Harry Ink
    Jug/Johnny King Love Mother Nuts Orange Peter Queen
    Roger/Robert Suga Tommy Uncle Vic William X-ray Yoke/Yorker
    Zebra
    
    [cf. aircraft in Dambusters raid: A-Apple B-Baker C-Charlie
     E-Easy F-Freddie G-George H-Harry J-Johnny K-King L-Leather
     (officially L-London) M-Mother N-Nuts O-Orange P-Popsie
     S-Sugar T-Tommy W-Willie Y-York Z-Zebra]
    
    
    RAF 1943-56:
    
    Able-Afirm ... Item/Interrogatory ... Jig/Johnny ...
    Nab/Negat ... Peter/Prep ...
    
    Allied Services 1945:
    
    Able Baker ... Edward ... Tape ...
    
    From a book entitled "The Complete Morse Instructor..." (1944):
    
    Able Baker ... Easy ... Tare ...
    
    [WRENS at Bletchley Park: Apple  James  Kenneth(?)  Oliver  Peter  Quagger(??)  Unicorn  illiam  Xray ]
    
    Western Union:
    
    Adams Boston Chicago Denver Easy Frank George Henry Ida John
    King Lincoln Mary New_York Ocean Peter Queen Roger Sugar
    Thomas Union Victor William X-ray Young Zero
    
    ***** AFRIKAANS *****
    
    Contributor: Gwillim Law <gwil@MINDSPRING.COM>
    
    (Johannesburg telephone directory 1965)
    
    Andries Boetie Christo Dawid Eva Fanie Gert Hendrik Isak Jan
    Karel Lena Marie Nellie Oom Pieter Queenie Roos Sannie Tom
    Unie Venter Willem X-straal Yster Zoeloe
    
    ***** CHINESE *****
    
    The Chinese armed forces use the following in connection
    with Romanised Mandarin:
    
    Aiya Boli Ciqi Desheng Egu Fuzhuang Geming Heping I: Yifu
    J.. Keren Leguan Mofan Nali Ouyang Polang Q.. Riguang
    Sixiang Tebie U: Weida V: Wudao W: Wuzhuang X.. Yisheng
    Zidian
    
    ***** CROATIAN *****
    
    Contributor: Ivan.Drzanic@gbcon.g-box.fido.hr (Ivan Drzanic)
    
    Adria, Biokovo, Cavtat, Dubrovnik, Europa, Frankopan,
    Gospic, Hrvatska, Istra, Jadran, Karlovac, Lika, Mostar,
    Novska, Osijek, Pula, Q, Rijeka, Split, Trogir, Ucka,
    Vukovar, W, X, Y, Zagreb
    
    ***** CZECH *****
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Adam Boz~ena Cyril David 'Dumbier Emil Frantis~ek Gustav
    Helena Ivan Josef Karel Ludvi'k L'ubochn~a Marie Norbert Oto
    Petr Quido Rudolf R~ehor~ Svatopluk S~imon Toma's~ T'epla'
    Urban Va'clav dvojite'_ve' Xaver ypsilon Zuzana Z~ofie
    
    
    Contributor: Vitezslav Vecera <OK2INW@SEZNAM.CZ>
    
    Adam Boz~ena Cyril C~enek David D~a'blice Emil Frantis~ek
    Gustav Helena Chrudim Ivan Josef Karel Ludvi'k Marie
    Norbert/Neruda N~ina Oto Petr Quido Rudolf R~ehor~ Svatopluk
    S~imon Toma's~ Te~s~nov Urban Va'clav dvojite'-V Xaver
    Ypsilon Zuzana Z~ofie
    
    
    ***** DANISH *****
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Anna Bernhard Cecilia David Erik Frederik Georg Hans Ida
    Johan Karen Ludvig Marie Nikolaj Odin Peter Quintus Rasmus
    Soeren Theodor Ulla Viggo William Xerxes Yrsa Zacharias
    ae: Aegir  o-slash: Oeresund  a-circle: Aase
    
    [Copenhagen telephone directory: Cecilie Nikolai]
    
    Contributor: "Per K. Nielsen" <pnielsen@CENTRUM.DK>
    
    The Danish military use the following additions to the NATO
    alphabet:
    
    Aegir  Oedis  Aase
    but air traffic uses - Oeresund
    
    ***** DUTCH *****
    
    [style: A van Anna]
    
    Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang erikt@let.rug.nl
    
    anna bernhard cornelis dirk eduard ferdinand gerard hendrik
    izaak jan karel lodewijk marie nico otto pieter quotient
    rudolf simon teunis utrecht victor willem xantippe
    ij: ijmuiden ypsilon zaandam
    
    [Berlitz phrase book: bernard quadraat]
    
    More recently: Anton Jacob Leopold (Lodewijk) Maria Theodoor
    IJsbrand (IJmuiden)
    
    
    (Collins phrase book)
    
    Amsterdam Bravo Charlie Dirk Edam Freddie goed help Isaac
    Jaap kilo lasso moeder Nico Otto paard Quaker Rudolf suiker
    tafel uur vogel wind xylofoon Yankee zout
    
    
    Contributor: Koen de Troij <kdt@STOCKHOLM.MAIL.TELIA.COM>
    
    (Van Dale French-Dutch dictionary)
    
    Anna Bernhard Cornelis Dirk Eduard Ferdinand Gerard Hendrik
    Isaak Jan Karel Lodewijk Marie Nico Otto Pieter Quebec
    Richard Simon Theodoor Utrecht Victor Willem Xantippe
    Ysbrand Zeeland
    
    [Van Dale Dutch-Swedish dictionary: Anton Izaa"k ypsilon]
    [Dutch dictionary: Bernard Maria quotie"nt Rudolf Teunis
     IJmuiden ypsilon Zaandam]
    
    
    Belgian (Flemish) alphabets:
    
    [Note: there are some parallel French/Dutch alphabets for
     use in Belgium]
    
    Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang <erikt@LET.RUG.NL>
    
    arthur brussel carolina desire emiel frederik gustaaf
    hendrik isidoor jozef kilogram leopold maria napoleon oscar
    piano qualite robert sofie telefoon ursula victor waterloo
    xavier yvonne zola
    
    [Dutch dictionary: De'sire' Quie'vrain Suzanna Xaverius zero]
    [Another source:   Ce'sar De'sire' Quie'vrain Zero]
    
    
    Contributor: Koen de Troij <kdt@STOCKHOLM.MAIL.TELIA.COM>
    
    (Van Dale French-Dutch dictionary)
    
    Anna Bernhard Cornelis Dirk Emil Frederik Gustaaf Hendrik
    Isidoor Josef kilogram Leopold Maria Napoleon Oscar piano
    Quie'vrain Robert Simon telefoon Ursula Victor Waterloo
    Xantippe Yvonne zero
    
    
    ***** ESPERANTO *****
    
    Contributors: Edmund.Grimley-Evans@cl.cam.ac.uk
                  David Lane <DLANE@CONTACTPT.COM>
    
    (Yearbook of Universala Esperanto-Asocio 1995)
    
    Asfalto Barbaro Centimetro \^Cefo Doktoro Elemento Fabriko
    Gumo \^Girafo Hotelo \^Haoso Insekto Jubileo \^Jurnalo
    Kilogramo Legendo Ma\^sino Naturo Oktobro Papero Rekordo
    Salato \^Silingo Triumfo Universo Universo-hoko Vulkano
    Zinko
    
    [An earlier version had Omnibuso instead of Oktobro]
    
    Non-Esperanto letters:
    
    q = kuo
    w = \^germana vo
    x = ikso
    y = ipsilono
    
    Morse code (approved by UAE and FCC in 1963):
    
    ^c  -.-..     ^g  - -.-.    ^h  -.- -.
    
    ^j  .- - -.   ^s  ...-.     ~u  ..- -
    
    ***** FINNISH *****
    
    Contributors: Jukka Rahkonen <jrahkone@VIIKKI.HELSINKI.FI>
                  Kaita Seikku <spk@PROFFA.CC.TUT.FI>
    
    Aarne Bertta Celsius Daavid Eemeli Faarao Gideon Heikki
    Iivari Jussi Kalle Lauri Matti Niilo Otto Paavo Kuu Risto
    Sakari Tyyne Urho Vihtori Viski A"ksa"  Yrjo" Tseta A~ke A"iti
    O"ljy
    
    where A~ is A with circle (Swedish)
    Uppercase   Lowercase
    
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Anna Bertta Cecilia Daavid Erkki Faarao Gabriel Heikki
    Iivari Jaakko Kalle Lauri Mikko Niilo Otto Pekka Quintus
    Risto Sakari Tauno Urho Va"ino" kaksin/kertainen_v Xeres
    Yrjo" Zeppelin ruotsalainen_o a"iti o"ljy
    
    Morse code:
        .-.-      a-umlaut
        .- -.-    a-circle
        - - -.    o-umlaut
    
    ***** FLEMISH *****
    
    [the N.O.D.E. defines Flemmish as the Dutch language
    as spoken in Flanders]
    
    Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang erikt@let.rug.nl
    
    arthur brussel carolina desire emiel frederik gustaaf
    hendrik isidoor jozef kilogram leopold maria napoleon oscar
    piano qualite robert sofie telefoon ursula victor waterloo
    xavier yvonne zola
    
    ***** FRENCH *****
    
    [style: A comme Anatole]
    
    Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang <erikt@LET.RUG.NL>
    
    anatole bernard c'ecile denise 'emile fran5cois g'erard
    henri isidore jean kl'eber louis marcel nicole oscar pierre
    quital robert suzanne th'er`ese ursule victor wagon xavier
    yvonne zo'e
    
    Contributor: Rudolf Lais <chibm5hp@IBMMAIL.COM>
    
    
    (Swiss telephone directory 1993)
    
    Anna Berthe Ce'cile Daniel Emile Franc,ois Gustave Henri Ida
    Jeanne Kilo Louise Marie Nicolas Olga Paul Quittance Robet
    Suzanne The're`se Ulysse Victor William Xavier Yvonne Zurich
    
    [also Geneva directory 1966]
    
    
    (OUP vocabulary book)
    
    Anatole Berthe Ce'sar De'sire' Euge`ne E'mile Franc,ois
    Gaston Henri Irma Joseph Kle'ber Louis Marcel Nicolas Oscar
    Pierre Que'bec Robert Suzanne The're`se Ursule Victor
    William Xavier Yvonne Zoe'
    
    
    (Langenscheidt phrase book)
    
    Anatole  Berthe  Ce'sar  De'sire'  Emile   Franc,ois  Gaston  Henri
    Isidore  Jean  Kle'ber  Louis  Marie  Nicolas  Oscar  Paul  Que'bec
    Robert  Suzanne  The'odore  Ursule  Victor  Wagon  Xavier  Yvonne
    Zoe'
    
    
    (Larousse business book)
    
    Anatole  Bruxelles  Caroline  De'sire'  E'mile  Fre'de'ric  Gustave
    Henri  Isidore  Joseph  Kilogramme  Le'opold  Marie  Napole'on
    Oscar  Piano  Quie'vrain  Robert  Suzanne  Te'le'phone  Ursule
    Victor  Waterloo  Xavier  Yvonne  Ze'ro
     
    [Belgian versions: Caesar Fre'de'rique kilogram Sophie
                       Ce'sar Emile Simon Xanthippe]
    [Note: there are some parallel French/Dutch alphabets for
     use in Belgium]
    
    
    (Berlitz and AA phrase books; Larousse business book)
    
    Anatole Berthe Ce'lestin De'sire' Euge`ne Franc,ois Gaston
    Henri Irma Joseph Kle'ber Louis Marcel Nicolas Oscar Pierre
    Quintal Raoul Suzanne The're`se Ursule Victor William Xavier
    Yvonne Zoe'
    
    [With the addition of E'mile for e-acute this is the 
      official Post Office alphabet]
    
    Similar alphabets:
    
    Collins vocabulary book:   Bertha
    business book:             E'mile
    Cassel business book:      Zoe"
    BBC business book:         Emile (for e-acute) Nicholas
    telephone French book:     Rene'
    Collins phrase books:      Victor/Viktor
    Pitman business book:      E'mile (for e-acute)
    
    (also Langenscheidt dictionary, Longman business
      book and Loire-Atlantique telephone directory 1966)
    
    ***** GERMAN *****
    
    [style: A wie Anton]
    
    [some alphabets have phonetics for umlauts, ch, sch, ss]
    
    Contributor: Hermann Schumacher <hschu@EBS.E-TECHNIK.UNI-ULM.DE>
    
    (official alphabet for emergency services,
     from "KatS-Dv 810 - Sprechfunkdienst", 1977)
    
    Anton Berta C"asar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
    Ypsilon Zacharias
    
    "Arger  Charlotte  "Okonom  Schule  "Ubermut
    
    [also Langenscheidt Standard German Dictionary 1993
     and West Berlin telephone directory 1965]
    [Collins dictionary and grammar: similar but Bertha  Peter/Paula
    
    Contributor: mrosa@eso.org (Michael Rosa)
    
    Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Karl Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle Richard
    Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe Ypsilon
    Zeppelin
    
    A"rger  O"dipus  U"bel
    
    More recent replacements:  Konrad Zacharias
    
    Contributor: Erik Tjong Kim Sang <erikt@LET.RUG.NL>
    
    anton bertha c"asar dora emil friederich gustav heinrich ida
    julius kaufmann ludwig martha nordpol otto paula quelle
    richard samuel theodor ulrich viktor wilhelm xanthippe
    ypsilon zacharias
    
    "arger  charlotte  "okonom  schule  "ubermut
    
    Contributor: Rudolf Lais <chibm5hp@IBMMAIL.COM>
    
    (Swiss telephone directory 1993)
    
    Anna Bertha Ca"sar Daniel Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Jakob Kaiser Leopold Marie Niklaus Otto Peter Quelle Rosa
    Sophie Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver Yverdon Zu"rich
    
    [also Geneva directory 1966]
    
    Contributor: Christof A Neumann <neumann@INFORMATIK.TU-MUENCHEN.DE>
    
    (issued by Deutsche Bundespost)
    
    Anton Bertha Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Jakob Konrad Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle Richard
    Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xantippe Ypsilon
    Zeppelin
    
    Schule
    
    Contributor: Steve Dunham <dunham@GDL.MSU.EDU>
    
    Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Johann Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula quer
    Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver
    Ypsilon Zeppelin
    
    Eszett
    
    (OUP vocabulary book)
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Konrad Ludwig Martin Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanten
    Ypsilon Zeppelin
    
    A"rger  O"konom  U"bel
    
    (Collins vocabulary book)
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Jerusalem Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
    Ypsilon Zacharias
    
    (Cassel business book)
    
    Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
    Ypsilon Zacharias
    
    A"rger  O"konom  Schule  U"bel
    
    (BBC business book)   "standard phone alphabet"
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Siegfried/Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm
    Xanthippe Ypsilon Zeppelin/Zacharias
    
    A"rger  Charlotte  O"konom  Schule  U"bermut
    
    (BBC business book)
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
    Ypsilon Zeppelin
    
    A"rger  O"konom  scharfes_s  Schule  U"bermut
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xanthippe
    Ypsilon Zacharias
    
    A"rger  Charlotte  O"konom  Schule  U"bel
    
    (Austrian telephone directory)
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Konrad Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver
    Ypsilon Zu"rich
    
    A"rger  O"sterreich  scharfes_S  Schule  U"bel
    
    (Collins phrase book)
    
    Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Konrad Ludwig Martin Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Victor Wilhelm Xanten
    Zeppelin
    
    Eszett
    
    Contributor: Gwillim Law <gwil@MINDSPRING.COM>
    
    (Vienna telephone directory)
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Konrad Ludwig Martha Norbert Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xaver
    Ypsilon Zacharias
    
    A"rger  Christine  O"sterreich  U"bel
    
    (BBC language book)
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Siegfried Theodor Ulrich Victor Wilhelm Xanthippe
    Ypsilon Zeppelin
    
    (Hugo business book)
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Julius Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paris Quelle
    Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Victor Wilhelm Xanthippe
    Ypsilon Zacharias
    
    A"rger  Charlotte  O"konom  U"bermut
    
    (Langenscheidt phrase book)
    
    Anton Berta Ca"sar Dora Emil Friedrich Georg Heinrich Ida
    Johann Kaufmann Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula Quelle
    Richard Samuel Theodor Ulrich Victor Wilhelm Xaver
    Ypsilon Zeppelin
    
    A"rger  O"konom  U"bermut
    
    
    Second World War alphabet (from a former Web page):
    
    Anton Berta Caesar Dora Emil Friedrich Gustav Heinrich Ida
    Josef Konrad/Kurfurst Ludwig Martha Nordpol Otto Paula
    Quelle Richard Siegfried Toni Ulrich Viktor Wilhelm Xantippe
    Ypern Zeppelin
    
    (B-Bruno and F-Fritz were used in aircraft designations.)
    
    
    
    Contributor: Anno Siegel <anno4000@W172ZRZ.ZRZ.TU-BERLIN.DE>
    
    Arno Borvaselin Coburg-Gotha Doria Ernst Friedrichsroda
    Gomorrha Herrenzimmer Ida Jawohl_Odol Kolberg_Ost Leonidas
    Motor Nora Oekonom Per_Motorrad Quohnsdorf_bei_Forst
    Revolver Sabine Tod Uniform Verbrennungstod Weltnordpol
    Xolabaphon York_Yellowstone Zoroaster
    
    oe      Oekonomie
    ue      Ueberkonto
    
    [This alphabet provides mnemonics for Morse code: a syllable
     corresponds to a dash if it contains 'o', a dot otherwise.]
    
    For another alphabet of this nature see
    http://scoutnet.ch/archives/books/morse.html
    
    ***** GREEK *****
    
    (AA phrase book)
    
    Ale'xandros  Vasili'os  Geo'rgios  Deme'trios  Ele'ne  Zoe'
    Erakle's  Theo'doros  Ioa'nnes  Konstanti'nos  Leoni'das
    Mene'laos  Niko'laos  Xenofo'n  Odusse'as  Perikle's  Ro'dos
    Sote'rios  Timole'on  Upsela'ntes  Fo'tios  Chre'stos  Psa'ltes
    Ome'ga
    
    ***** HEBREW *****
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    (phonetics for Roman alphabet)
    
    Affula Binyamina Carmel Dalia Eretz France Gedera Haifa
    Israel Jaffa Karkur Lod Moledet Naan Ogen Pardes Queen
    Rishon Sefer Tveria Urim Vered Wingate Express Yavniel
    Zikhron
    
    [used by telephone operators in Israel]
    
    Later edition:
    
    afula  binyamina  karmel  dalya  eretz  frans  gedera  h.eyfa
    yisrael  jafa  karkur  lod  moledat  naan  ogen  pardes  kvin  rishon
    sefer  tverya  urim  vered  vingeyt  ekspres  yavniel  zikhron
    
    
    Contributor: Alon Tal <mtl@NETVISION.NET.IL>
    
    Aleph Boaz Gimel David Hagar Vav Ze'ev Hava Tiach Yona
    Carmel Lea Moshe Nesher Samekh A'in Pesel Tsipor Korakh Ruth
    Shamir Telem
    
    
    Contributor: kiezer@aquanet.co.il
    
    Osnat  Bela  Gila  Dalia  Hagar  Vered  Ziva  Hava  Tova  Yona  Carmel
    Leytal  Miri  Nurit  Smadar  Einat  Fani  Tzila  Korina  Ruth  Sarah
    Tami
    
    ***** HUNGARIAN *****
    
    (telephone directory)
    
    Andra's Be'la Cecil Do'ra Eleme'r Ferenc Gizella Hajnalka
    Istva'n Ja'nos Katalin Luca Ma'tya's Na'ndor Olga Piroska
    Queen Ro'bert Sarolta Ti'mea Ubul Vilmos Walter Xe'nia
    Ypsilon Zolta'n
    
    
    Contributor: Gyo:ngyo:si Jo'zsef <gyongyosi@BPSOF.ENET.DEC.COM>
    
    (used in amateur radio)
    
    Antal, Be'la, Cecil (Ce'za'r), De'nes, Eleme'r, Ferenc,
    Ge'za, Hele'n, Ibolya (Imre), Ja'nos, Ka'roly, La'szlo',
    Ma'ria, Nelli, Olga, Pe'ter, Kvelle, Ro'bert, Sa'ndor,
    Tama's, Ubul, Viktor (Vilmos), dupla-ve' (dupla-Vilmos,
    "viszki"), "x-es", "ipszilon" (jenki), Zolta'n
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Alada'r A'gota Bala'zs Ceci'lia De'nes Erzse'bet E'va Ferenc
    Ga'bor Hele'n Ilona Jo'zsef Ka'roly La'szlo' Mo'nika Na'ndor
    Olga O:do:n Pe'ter Ku' Ro'bert Sa'ndor Tivadar Ubul U:ro:m
    Vilma duplave' iksz ipszilon Zora'n
    
    ***** ITALIAN *****
    
    [style: A come Ancona]
    [cappa properly refers to Latin K, kappa to Greek]
    
    Contributor: ebuie@sed.csc.com     (Elizabeth Buie)
                 ebuie@starlab.csc.com
    
    Ancona, Bologna, Como, Domodossola, Empoli, Firenze, Genova,
    Hacca, Imola, Jolly, Kappa, Livorno, Milano, Napoli,
    Otranto, Pisa/Palermo, Quartomiglio, Roma, Savona/Siena,
    Torino, Udine, Venezia, Wagner, Xilofono, York, Zara
    
    [Hacca should be Acca]
    
    
    Contributor: Rudolf Lais <chibm5hp@IBMMAIL.COM>
    
    (Swiss telephone directory 1993)
    
    Anna Battista Carlo Davide Ernesto Federico Giovanni acca
    Isidoro i_lungo cappa Luigi Maria Nicola Olga Pietro
    Quintino Rodolfo Susanna Teresa Umberto Vittorio vu_doppia
    ics ipsilon Zurigo
    
    [also Geneva directory 1966]
    
    (Cassel language book)
    
    Ancona Bologna Cagliari Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova
    Hotel Imola Jolly Kappa Londra Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo
    Quarto Roma Sondrio Torino Udine Vicenza Vdoppio X
    Yugoslavia Zagabria
    
    (Cassel business book)
    
    Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
    Imola I_lunga Kursaal Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Padova
    Quarto Roma Savona Torino Udine Venezia Washington Ics
    York/yacht Zara
    
    (BBC language book)
    
    Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
    Imola Jersey Kilo Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo
    Quaderno Roma Savona Torino Udine Venezia Washington ics
    York Zurigo
    
    Contributor: Salvatore Innaimi <MC1612@MCLINK.IT>
    
    Ancona Bari Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Acca
    Imola Jolly Cappa Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo
    Quartomiglio Roma Siena Torino Udine Venezia Walter Ics York
    Zurigo
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Ancona Bari Catania Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
    Imperia i_lunga kappa Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo
    cu Roma Sassari Torino Udine Venezia v_doppia ix i_greca
    zeta
    
    (Collins phrase book)
    
    Ancona Bari Catania Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
    Imperia Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo quarto Roma
    Savona Torino Udine Venezia
    
    (Collins phrase book)
    
    Ancona Bari Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova Hotel
    Imola Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto Palermo Quarto Roma
    Savona Torino Udine Venezia Zara
    
    (Pitman business book)
    
    Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze/Forli` Genova
    (acca) Imola (i_lunga) (cappa) Livorno Milano Napoli Otranto
    Palermo (cu) Roma Savona Torino Udine Venezia Washington
    (ics) (ipsilon) Zara
    
    
    (Berlitz business book)
    
    Ancona  Bari  Catania  Domodossola  Empoli  Firenze  Genova  Hotel
    Imola  Livorno  Milano  Napoli  Otranto  Palermo  Quarto  Roma
    sassari  Torino  Udine  Venezia
    
    
    (Langenscheidt phrase book)
    
    Ancona  Bologna  Como  Domodossola  Empoli  Forli  Genova  Hotel
    Imola  Jolanda  cappa  Livorno  Milano  Napoli  Otranto  Pisa
    Quattro  Roma  Salerno  Torino  Udine  Venezia  Washington  ics
    ypsilon  zeta
    
    
    (Routledge grammar book)
    
    Ancona Bologna Como Domodossola Empoli Firenze Genova hotel
    Imola i_lungo/Jolly cappa/Kennedy Livorno Milano Napoli
    Otranto Palermo cu/quaranta/Quarto Roma Salerno Torino Udine
    Venezia Washington ics ipsilon zeta/Zara
    
    ***** KWANYAMA *****
    
    [South-western Bantu; northern Namibia]
    
    Contributor: jouni@ling.gu.se (Jouni F Maho)
    (school book)
    
    Anna Beata Cesilia David Eva Feni Gerson Hosea Immanuel
    Johanna Kayosho Lamek Maria Nande Otto Pauli Quini Rauha
    Simon Tuuli Ulania Vilho Wilkka Xokulu Yoleni Zola
    
    ***** NDONGA *****
    
    [South-western Bantu; northern Namibia]
    
    Contributor: jouni@ling.gu.se (Jouni F Maho)
    (school book)
    
    Anna Beata Cesilia David Eva Feni Gerson Hosea Immanuel
    Johanna Kayoso Lamek Maria Nande Otto Pauli Quini Rauha
    Simon Tuuliki Ulania Vilho Wilika Xerxes Yoleni Zola
    
    
    ***** NORWEGIAN *****
    
    [style:  A for Anna]
    
    Contributor: seem@oslonett.no (Terje Trane)
    
    (telephone directory)
    
    Anna Bernhard Caesar David Edith Fredrik Gustav Harald Ivar
    Johan Karin Ludvig Martin Nils Olivia Petter Quintus Rikard
    Sigrid Teodor Ulrik Enkel-V Dobbelt-V Xerxes Ynling Zakarias
    
    ae: Aerlig/Aerleg  o-slash: Oern/Oesteen   a-circle: Aase
    
    [Dictionaies:  similar but sometimes Sigurd]
    [Aerlig is Bokmaal,  Aerleg is Nynorsk]
    
    
    ***** POLISH *****
    
    [style: A jak Adam]
    
    Contributor: Michal Jankowski <michalj@FUW.EDU.PL>
    
    (Warsaw telephone directory)
    
    Adam Barbara Celina Danuta Ewa Franciszek Genowefa Henryk
    Irena Jadwiga Karol Leon L/ukasz Maria Natalia Olga Pawel/
    Roman Stanisl/aw Tadeusz Urszula Wl/adysl/aw Xantypa Ygrek
    Zygmunt
    
    [Collins dictionary:  Cecylia/Celina  Dorota  Quebec  S'wiatowid
    Violetta  Wacl/aw  Ypsylon]
    
    
    Contributor: Gyo:ngyo:si Jo'zsef <gyongyosi@BPSOF.ENET.DEC.COM>
    
    (used in amateur radio)
    
    Adam, Bozena, Celina, Dawid, Ewa, Franek, Grazyna, Henryk,
    Irena, Janusz, Kilo, Ludwik, Maria, Natalia, Olga, Pawel/,
    Quido, Roman, Stefan, Tomasz, Urban, Violeta, Wanda, Xawer,
    Y-grek, Zygmunt
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Adam Barbara Celina Dorota Ewa Franciszek Grazyna Henryk
    Iwona Jan Karol Leon L/ukasz Maria Natalia Olga Piotr Quiz
    Roman Stanisl/aw Tadeusz Urszula Violeta Wacl/aw Xymena
    Ypsylon Zenon
    
    
    Morse code mnemonics (syllable with 'o' means dash)
    
    a-zot /.-.-/ bo-ta-ni-ka co-raz-moc-niej /-.-../ do-li-na
    el/k /..-../ fi-lan-tro-pia go-spo-da ha-la-bar-da /----/
    i-gl/a jed-no-kon-no ko-la-no le-o-ni-das /.-..-/ mo-tor
    no-ga /--.--/ o-pocz-no /---./ pe-lo-po-nez /--.-/ re-tor-ta
    sa-ha-ra /...-.../ tom ur-sy-no'w /...-/ wi-no-rosl /-..-/
    /-.--/ zl/o-to-li-te /--..-/--..-./
    
    
    Contributor: "Tomasz Major" <toma@COLLABWORX.COM>
    
    Morse code mnemonics (syllable with 'o' means dash)
    
    Azot Botanika Co-mi-zrobisz Dolina Elk Filantropia Gospoda
    Halabarda Igla Jednokonno Kolano Leonidas Motor Noga Opoczno
    Peloponez /--.-/ Retorta Sahara Ton Urbino /...-/ Winorosl
    Xoxymilko York-hull-oxford Zlotolity
    
    
    ***** PORTUGUESE *****
    
    [style: A de/como Aviero]
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Aveiro Braga Coimbra Dafundo E'vora Faro Guarda Horta
    Ita'lia Jose' Kodak Lisboa Maria Nazare' Ovar Porto Queluz
    Rossio Setu'bal Tavira Unidade Vidago Waldemar Xavier York
    Zulmira
    
    [Azores telephone directory 1966: Braganc,a Kilograma
     Wilson]
    
    (Collins phrase books)
    
    Alexandre Banana/Bastos Carlos Daniel Eduardo Franc,a
    Gabriel Holanda Ita'lia Jose' Lisboa Maria Nicolau O'scar
    Paris Quarto Ricardo Susana Teresa Ulisses Venezuela Xangai
    Zebra
    
    
    (AA phrase book)
    
    Ame'rica  Bernado  Colo'nia  Dinamarca  Espanha  Franc,a  Gre,cia
    Holanda  Irlanda  Japa~o  Kremlin  Londres  Madrid  Na'poles  Oslo
    Portugal  Quilo  Ru'ssia  Sue'cia  Turquia  Uruguai  Vito'ria
    Washington  Xangai  Zurique
    
    
    (Collins dictionary)
    
    Anto^nio  Beatriz  Carlos  dado  Eliane  Francisco  Gomes  Henrique
    Irene  Jose'  Ka'tia  Lu'cia  Maria  Osvaldo  Pedro
    Quintela/Quinteta  Roberto  Sandra  Tereza  U'rsula  Vera  William
    Xavier  Yolanda  Zebra
    
    ***** ROMANIAN *****
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Ana Barbu Constantin Dumitru Elena Florea Gheorghe
    Haralambie Ion Jiu kilogram Laza~r Maria Nicolae Olga Petre
    qu Radu Sandoo Tudor T,ara~ Udrea Vasile dublu_V Xenia
    I_grec zaha~r
    
    
    ***** ROMANSH *****
    
    [aka Rumansh]
    
    Contributor: Rudolf Lais <chibm5hp@IBMMAIL.COM>
    
    (Swiss telephone directory)
    
    Anna Berta Carla Dora Emil Flurin Guido Hugo Ida Judit Kilo
    Luisa Maria Nesa Otto Paula Quirin Rita Silvia Toni Ursin
    Victor Willi Xaver Yvonne Zita
    
    ***** RUSSIAN *****
    
    Contributor: tom@systemtechnik.tu-ilmenau.de (Thomas Planke)
    
    Aleksej Boris Vasilij Grigorij Dmitrij Elena Zhenja Zoya
    Ivan Ivan_Kratkij Kilowatt Leonid Maria Nikolai Olga Pavel
    Roman Sergej Tatjana Uljana Fjodor Hariton Zaplja Chelovek
    Shura Schuka Tviordiy_Znak Igrek Miagkiy_Znak Emilija Yuri
    Jakow
    
    
    Contributor: "Oleg.A.Chernozyomov" <victoria@RADA1.SARATOV.SU>
    
    (used in amateur radio)
    
    Anna Boris Vasiliy Galina Dmitriy Yelena Yozh Zhuk Zinaida
    Ivan Ivan_Kratkiy Konstantin Leonid Maria Nikolay Olga Pavel
    Roman Sergey Tamara Ul'yana Fyodor Hariton Tsentr Chelovek
    Shura Shchyuka Tvyordy_Znak Yery Myagkiy_Znak Ekho Yuliana
    Yakov
    
    Variants: Anton Grigoriy Yolka Zhenya Zoya Irina/Igor Yot
    Kilowatt Lyubov Mikhail Nadezhda/Nina Oleg Polina Radio
    Semyon Tatyana Tsaplya Znak/Iks Igrek Znak/Iks
    
    Used informally: Borya Vasya Grisha Galya Dima Zina Kosta
    Kolya Lyonya Lyuba Misha Masha Nadya Pasha Roma Sasha Tanya
    Fedya Yulya Yasha
    
    Morse code is as follows:
    
    A  B  W  G  D  E  E  V  Z  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T
    U  F  H  C  /- - -./- - - -/  Q  X  Y  X  /..-../..- -/.-.-
    
    and the same mapping provides a system of phonetics for
    Roman letters (used in parallel with Alpha Bravo). [The
    mapping is similar to KOI-7 but not identical]
    
    
    (AA phrase book)
    
    Anna  Boris  Viktor  Grigoriy  Dmitriy  Elena  Yolka  Zhenya  Zoya
    Irina  Yod  Konstantin  Liza  Mariya  Natasha  Ol'ga  Pyotr  Ruslan
    Semyon  Tat'yana  Ukraina  Fyodor  Khar'kov  Tsaritsa  Chekhov
    Shura  Shchuka  Erik  Yuriy  Yana
    
    ***** SERBO-CROAT *****
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Avala Beograd Cetinje C~ac~ak C'uprija Dubrovnik Djakovo
    Dz~amija Evropa Foc~a Gorica Hercegovina Istra Jadran Kosovo
    Lika Ljubljana Mostar Nis~ Njegos~ Osijek Pirot Rijeka
    Skopje S~ibenik Titograd Uros~evac Valjevo Zagreb Z~irovnica
    Kvadrat Duplo_V Ipsilon Iks
    
    ***** SLOVAK *****
    
    Contributor: Martin Votruba <votruba+@PITT.EDU>
    
    (telephone directory)
    
    Adam, Boz~ena, Cyril, C~adca, Da'vid, D~umbier, Emil,
    Frantis~ek, Gusta'v, Helena, CHrudim, Ivan, Karol, Ludvi'k,
    L~ubochn~a, Ma'ria, Norbert, N~ - Nitra, Oto, Peter, Quido,
    Rudolf, Sva"topluk, S~imon, Toma's~, T~ - Tepla', Urban,
    Va'clav, W - dvojite' ve', Xaver, Ypsilon, Zuzana, Z~ofia
    
    ***** SLOVENIAN  *****
    
    Contributor: Primoz Peterlin <peterlin@BIOFIZ.MF.UNI-LJ.SI>
    
    Ankaran Bled Celje C~rnomelj Drava Evropa Fala Gorica
    Hrastnik Izola Jadran Kamnik Ljubljana Maribor Nanos Ormoz~
    Piran Ku Ravne Soc~a S~marje Triglav Unec Velenje Dvojni-V
    Iks Ipsilon Zalog Z~alec
    
    ***** SPANISH *****
    
    [style: A de Antonio]
    [some alphabets have phonetics for ch, ll, n~, rr]
    
    (BBC business book, Collins and Berlitz phrase books)
    
    Antonio Barcelona Carmen Chocolate Dolores Enrique Francia
    Gerona Historia Ine's Jose' Kilo Lorenzo Llobregat Madrid
    Navarra N~on~o Oviedo Pari's Querido Ramo'n Sa'bado
    Tarragona Ulises Valencia Washington Xiquena Yegua Zaragoza
    
    [an AA phrase book has "i griega" for Y]
    [Collins dictionary and grammar: similar but Ine's/Israel
    Querido/Quebec  Ulises/Uruguay]
    
    
    Contributor: Paul Driessen <pdr@INTIS.NL>
    
    (used in ministries in Madrid in the 1960s)
    
    Alicante Bilbao Ca'diz Dinamarca Espan~a Francia Girona
    Huelva Italia Jae'n Kilo Lugo LLamar Madrid Navarra Oviedo
    Portugal Queso Roma EreDoble Sevilla Toledo U'nico Valencia
    UveDoble equis Yugoslavia Zaragoza
    
    (business book)   "The telephonist's alphabet"
    
    Antonio Barcelona Carmen Domingo Espan~a/Enrique Francia
    Gerona Historia Italia/i_latina Jose'/Jaen Kilo Le'rida
    Llave Madrid Navarra N~ando Oviedo Portugal/Pari's Queso
    Ramo'n/Roma Sevilla Tarragona/Toledo Ursula/Ubeda Valencia
    Washington Xilofo'n Yegua Zaragoza
    
    (Langenscheidt phrase book)
    
    Antonio  Bogota'  Carmen  Chocolate  Dora  Enrique  Francisco
    Gibraltar  Historia  Ine's  Jose'  Kilo  Lorenzo  Llobregat
    Me'xico  Nicaragua  N~on~o  Oce'ano  Paraguay  Querido  Ramo'n
    Sa'bado Toma's  Ulises  Venezuela  Washington  Xiquena  Yegua
    Zaragoza
    
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)   [Latin American]
    
    Amalia Beatriz Carmen Domingo Enrique Federico Guatemala
    Honduras Ida Jose' Kilo Lima Llave Me'xico Nicaragua N~on~o
    Olimpo Pablo Quito Rafael Santiago Teresa Uruguay Venezuela
    Washington Xilo'fono Yucata'n Zorro
    
    
    (AA phrase book)    [Latin American]
    
    Ana  bueno  Carlos  chocolate  dedo  Eduardo  Francia  gato
    historia  Ine's  Jose'  Kilo  Luis  Llanes  Madrid  Norma  n~on~o
    Omar  Pedro  querido  Ramo'n  sa'bado  Teresa  Ulises  Victor
    Washington  Xiquena  i_griega  Zaragoza
    
    
    Contributor: "Francisco Andragnes" <fa93@COLUMBIA.EDU>
    
    (used in Argentina)
    
    Alicia Beatriz Carolina Dorotea Eva Federico Guillermina
    Hombre Ines Josefina Kilo Lola Doble_Lola Maria Natalia
    N~andu Ofelia Pandora Quintana Rosa Sara Teresa Ursula
    Veronica Washington Xilofon Yolanda Zapato
    
    ***** SWAHILI *****
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    Aali Bibi Cyprus Daniel Elfu Fiwi Gombe Henry Ida Jinja
    Kenya Leso Mtu Nairobi Olga Paul Quebec Robert Sana Tanga
    Unga Victor William Xavier Yatima Zanzibar
    
    Later edition:
    
    Ali  Banda  Chakechake  Dodoma  Entebe  Fumba  Gogo  Homa  Imba
    Jambo  Kenya  Lala  Mama  Nakuru  Ona  Punda  Kyela  Rangi  Simu  Tatu
    Uganda  Vitu  Wali  Eksrei  Yai  Zanzibar
    
    ***** SWEDISH *****
    
    Contributors: simon@dront.nada.kth.se (Simon Tardell)
                  Jonas Wallgren <jwc@IDA.LIU.SE>
                  m8509@sparc2.abc.se (Thomas Green)
    
    [also used officially in Finland]
    
    Adam, Bertil, Cesar, David, Erik, Filip, Gustav, Helge,
    Ivar, Johan, Kalle, Ludvig, Martin, Niklas, Olof, Petter,
    Quintus, Rudolf, Sigurd, Tore, Urban, Viktor, Wilhelm,
    Xerxes, Yngve, Za"ta, A~ke, A"rlig, O"sten
    
    where A~ is A with circle
    
    [above also in Routledge grammar book]
    [Berlitz phrase book:  Qvintus]
    [telephone directory:  Qvintus  Willhelm]
    
    Sometimes used: Fredrik, Olle, Rikard
    
    Stockholm police use Kryss (meaning cross) for X.
    
    Digits:
    
    Nolla Ett Tva~a Trea Fyra Femma Sexa Sjua A~tta Nia
    
    
    (early 20th century)
    
    Aron Bertil Cesar David Emanuel Frans Gustaf Harald Ivar
    Johan Kalle Lars Martin Niklas Olof Petter Qvintus Rudolf
    Sigurd Teodor Urban Viktor Wilhelm Xenofon Yngve Zakarias
    A~ke A"rlig O"rn
    
    
    Old phonetics for digits 1-9, 0:
    
    Anna Beda Cecilia Dora Ebba Fina Greta Hedda Ida Julia
    
    
    ***** TURKISH *****
    
    Contributor: Gorkem Cetin <e077245@NARWHAL.CC.METU.EDU.TR>
    
    ankara bursa ceyhan CankIrI denizli edirne fatsa giresun
    hopa Isparta izmir jale kayseri lUleburgaz manisa nazilli
    ordu OdemiS pazar rize samsun SarkOy trabzon urfa Unye van
    yalova zonguldak
    
    
    (Berlitz phrase book)
    
    adana balIkesir ceyhan Corum diyarbakIr edirne fatsa giresun
    hatay Irmak istanbul jandarma kastamonu lUleburgaz manisa
    nazilli ordu OdemiS pazar quebek rize samsun trabzon urla
    Unye van dubel_v xavier yozgat zonguldak
    
    
    Contributor: Fuat C. Baran <fuat@COLUMBIA.EDU>
    
    (1982 diary)   "standard" for telephone
    
    ankara bursa ceyhan Canakkale denizli edirne fatih giresun
    hakkAri Ilgaz izmir japonya kayseri lUleburgaz malatya
    nevSehir ordu OdemiS polatlI rize sivas Sile trabzon uSak
    Unye van yozgat zonguldak
    
    
    (AA phrase book)
    
    adana bursa cide Canakkale denizli edirne fethiye giresun
    hatay Isparta izmir lUleburgaz malatya  nevSehir ordu Oren
    pamukkale  rize sinop  Sirvan tokat  urfa  UskUp  van yozgat
    zonguldak
    
    
    Contributor: kadifeli@cmpe.boun.edu.tr
    
    adana bursa ceyhan Canakkale denizli edirne fatih giresun
    yumuSak_ge hatay Isparta izmir jale kayseri lUleburgaz
    malatya nevSehir ordu OdemiS polatlI rize samsun Sile
    trabzon urfa Unye van yozgat zonguldak
    
    ***** UKRAINIAN *****
    
    Contributor:  Valery Kharchenko  RA6YR
    
    (used in amateur radio)
    
    Andriy  Bogdan  Vasil' (W)  Grigory  Dmitro  Yenei (E)  Zhuk (V)
    Zenoviy (Z)  Igrek (Y)  Ivan (I)  Izhak (I)  Yosip (J)  Kilovat  Levko
    Mariya  Natalka  Olga  Pavlo  Roman  Stepan  Taras  Ukraina  Fedir
    Khristina (H)  Tsentr (C)  Cholovik  Shura  Shchuka (Q)  Znak (X)
    Yuri  Yakiv
    
    [also used for Roman alphabet, as the above tries to indicate]
    
    
    Contributor: "Vsevolod Onyshkevych" <vsevolod@EZSIZE.COM>
    
    Morse code mnemonics (syllable with 'o' means dash)
    
    Azot/Atom Bondarivna Vitrohon Harakiri Gogozy Dolyna Erg
    Yednist_to_Syla Zhabye_Selo Zolotukha (Y -.--) Ivan/Iskra
    Idzh,_Khto_Holoden Jdy_Kholodkom Kolino Lisoruby Moroz Noha
    Okolot Prymorozky Rybon'ka Sahara Ton Upadok Filyantropy
    Kholodochok Tsotsya_Dortsya Chornohora Sholovylo
    Shcho_Roku_Moroz Yuriy_Korol' (-..-) Yaroshenko
    
    
    ***** END *****
    
      Brian Kelk
      Cambridge
      U.K.
      bck22@bckelk.uklinux.net  
    
    

    .
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  • Listings Added by JWA
  • ***** British Telephone Phonetics - 1914 ***** (JWA) - 19 July '01 
    
    Contributor: John Goldfinch, UK.  From "Telephone Trouble" 1914 booklet, Evening News for the PO.
    
    Apple  Brother  Charle  Dover  Eastern  Father  George  Harry  India
    Jack   King   London  Mother  November  October  Peter  Queen  Robert
    Sugar  Thomas  Uncle  Victoria  Wednesday  Xmas  Yellow  Zebra.
    
    ***** Anglicised East European Alphabet - 1987 ***** (JWA) - 19 May '00 
    
    Contributor: Zyg Nilski, G3OKD.  From Telephone Instruction Sheet.
    
    Ada    Bobby   Car     Diana   Elspet   Farrel  Gringo  Helen   Inna
    John   Kate    Lilly   Marry   Nora     Oleg    Peter   Quince  Ronald
    Suzan  Toledo  Ursula  Violet  William  X-ray   Yellow  Zina
    
    ***** English / French International ***** (JWA) - 30 Apr '00 
    
    Contributor:  Ted Bastow,  VK2WL,  from -
    "Codes and Abbreviations for use of the International Telecommunications Services."
        (Third issue)   ITU.  Geneva, 1975.    (1932 - 1975)
    From Article 40 of the   "Instructions for the International Telephone Service."
    
    Code A - (French)
    Amsterdam   Baltimore  Casablanca  Denmark  Edison  Florida  
    Gallipoli   Havana   Italia  Jerusalem   Kilogramme   Liverpool
    Madagascar  New_York   Oslo  Paris  Quebec  Roma  Santiago  Tripoli
    Upsala    Valencia   Washington    Xanthippe    Yokohama    Zurich
    
    Code B - (English)
    Alfred  Benjamin  Charles  David  Edward   Frederick  George  Harry
    Isaac  Jack  King  London  Mary   Nellie    Oliver    Peter   Queen
    Robert  Samuel  Tommy   Uncle  Victor  William  Xray  Yellow  Zebra
    
    ***** English ***** (JWA) - 5 Sept '97 
    
    Contributor: Tony Smith, G4FAI, from Morsum Magnificat #53.
                 D.V.System - Mnemonic Morse learning method, 1942.
    
    A.D.     Buoy    Code     Dee   E      (F)airy  Gnu      (H)ooey    I.E.
    (J)ests  Kim     (L)ibya  M.M.  No     (O)dds   (P)enny  Qvid
    (R)ely   (S)oya  T        Uit   (V)aal (W)asp   (X)rays  Yank    Zzoo
    
       Vowels & 'Y' = DOT, Consonants & 'Y' in Yank = DASH 
       Bracketed letters are ignored.
    
    ***** Brazil ***** (JWA) - 15 Jan. '01 >NEW --> --> -->
    
    Contributor: Rafael -    webjockey@bol.com.br     (Current Amateur and Military etc.)
    
    Alfa    Bravo   Charlie (read: sharlie)  Delta   Eco   Foca (means "seal")  Golfe  Hotel (oh-tel)
    India  Juliete (zhoo-lee-eh-te)   Kilo   Lima (lee-mah)   Mike   November   Oscar
    Papa   Quebec (keh-beh-k)     Romeu (ro-mhe-oo)    Sierra    Tango (tAn-gho)    Uniforme
    Victor (veek-thor)  Wiskey   Xingu (shEEn-goo)  Yankee   Zulu or  Zebra (zoo-lOO or zhe-brAh)
    
    
    ***** Japanese Phonetics *****  - (JWA) - 18 Nov '99.- 
    
     Contributor:  Atsu Taniguchi  JE1TRV  -  JARL A1 CLUB - 
                   Email  je1trv@mwc.biglobe.ne.jp  Goto Atsu Homepage
    
    Extracted from a Japanese radio operator’s text book.
    The Japanese alphabet consists of 50 basic Characters and 25 variations
                                          in pronunciation.
    As you see, popular and simple words are applied for the phonetic codes.
    Eg.  TO = “Tokyo no TO”     means  “TO for Tokyo”
          O = “Osaka no O”      means  “O for Osaka”
         FU = “Fujisan no FU”   means  “FU for Fuji-yama”, etc.
    
    A - Asahi no A
    I – Iroha no I
    U – Ueno no U
    E – Eigo no E
    O – Osaka no O
    KA – Kawase no KA,             GA – Kawase no KA ni dakuten
    KI – Kitte no KI,              GI – Kitte no KI ni dakuten
    KU – Kurabu no KU,             GU – Kurabu no KU ni dakuten
    KE – Keshiki no KE,            GE – Keshiki no KE ni dakuten
    KO – Kodomo no KO,             GO – Kodomo no KO ni dakuten
    SA – Sakura no SA,             ZA – Sakura no SA ni dakuten
    SI(SHI)– Shinbun no SI(SHI),   ZI(JI) – Shinbun no SI ni dakuten
    SU – Suzume no SU,             ZU – Suzume no SU ni dakuten
    SE – Sekai no SE,              ZE – Sekai no SE ni dakuten
    SO – Soroban no SO,            ZO – Soroban no SO ni dakuten
    TA – Tabako no TA,             DA – Tabako no TA ni dakuten
    TI(CHI)- Chidori no TI(CHI),   DI – Chidori no TI ni dakuten
    TU(TSU)– Tsurukame no TU(TSU), DU – Tsurukame no TU ni dakuten
    TE – Tegami no TE,             DE – Tegami no TE ni dakuten
    TO - Tokyo no TO,              DO – Tokyo no TO ni dakuten
    NA – Nagoya no NA
    NI – Nippon no NI
    NU – Numazu no NU
    NE – Nezumi no NE
    NO – Nohara no NO
    HA – Hagaki no HA,    BA – Hagaki no HA ni dakuten, PA –Hagaki no HA ni handakuten
    HI - Hikouki no HI,   BI – Hikouki no HI ni dakuten, PI-Hikoukino HI ni handakuten
    HU(FU)-Fujisan no FU, BU – Fujisan no FU ni dakuten, PU-Fujisan no FU ni handakuten
    HE – Heiwa no HE,     BE – Heiwa no HE ni dakuten, PE-Heiwa no HE ni handakluten
    HO – Hoken no HO,     BO – Hoken no HO ni dakuten, PO-Hoken no HO ni handakuten
    MA – Match no MA
    MI – Mikasa no MI
    MU – Musen no MU
    ME – Meiji no ME
    MO – Momiji no MO
    YA – Yamato no YA
    YI – Ido no YI
    YU – Yumiya no YU
    YE – Kaginoaru YE
    YO – Yoshino no YO
    WA – Warabi no WA
    WO – Wowari no WO
    N – Oshimai no N
    . – Kugiriten
    0 – Suuji no Maru
    1 – Suuji no Hito
    2 – suuji no Ni
    3 – Suuji no San
    4 – Suuji no Yon
    5 – Suuji no Go
    6 – Suuji no Roku
    7 – Suuji no Nana
    8 – Suuji no Hachi
    9 – Suuji no Kyu
    
    73! CU ON THE AIR
    
    de JE1TRV Atsu Taniguchi
    
    
    ***** Modern Greek ***** (JWA) - 10 July '97 
    
    Contributor: Gwillim Law from AA Phrase Book.
    
    Ale'xandros  Vasi'lios  Geo'rgios    Deme'trios  Ele'ne    Zoe   Erakle's
    Theo'doros   Ioa'nnes   Konstani'nos  Leoni'das  Mene'laos Niko'laos
    Xenofo'n     Odusse'as  Perikle's     Ro'dos     Sote'rios Timol'on
    Upsela'ntes  Fo'tios    Chre'stos     Psa'ltes   Ome'ga
    
    ***** Turkish ***** (JWA) - 10 July '97
    
    Contributor: Gwillim Law from AA Phrase Book.
    
    adna     bursa   cide       Canakkale   denizli     edirne    fethiye  
    giresen  hatay   Isparta    izmir       iUleburgaz  malatya   nevSehir  
    ordu     Oren    pamukkale  rize        sinop       Sirvan    tokat  
    urfa     UskUp   van        yozgat      zonguldak
    
    Contributor: kadifeli@cmpe.boun.edu.tr              (JWA) - 21 June '99
    
    adana       bursa       ceyhan      Canakkale   denizli     edirne    
    fatih       giresun     yumuSak ge  hatay       Isparta     izmir      
    jale        kayseri     lUleburgaz  malatya     nevvSehir   ordu
    Odemus      polatilI    rize        samsun      Sile        trabzon
    urfa        Unye        van         yozgat      zonguldak
    
    ***** US Army Alphabet - 1916 ***** (JWA) - 6 Jun '00
    
    Contributor: David W. Gaddy.
    From:  "Signal Book, United States Army. 1916."  War Dept. Doc. 500.
    
    Able   Boy    Cast    Dock   Easy    Fox    George  Have    Item
    Jig    King   Love    Mike   Nan     Opal   Pup     Quack   Rush
    Sail   Tare   Unit    Vice   Watch   X-Ray  Yoke    Zed.
    
    ***** US Army Alphabet - 1919 ***** (JWA) - 6 Jun '00
    
    Contributor: David W. Gaddy.
    From:  "Signal Communications for All Arms (Provisional)," 
            (AEF No. 2-R) GHQ, AEF, France. 4 June 1919.
    
    Ack   Boy   Cat   Don   E  F  George  H  I   Jig  K  L  Emma
    N  O  Pip   Quash  R   Esses  Toc  U  Vic  W  X   Yoke  Zed
    (Note: - Partial phonetics were similar to then British practice. - JWA)
    
    ***** US Joint Army/Navy Alphabet - 1941 ***** (JWA) - 6 Jun '97
    
    Contributor: Lee Aurick, W1SE.  (QST - April 1997 p.56)
    
    Able    Baker   Charlie   Dog     Easy     Fox    George  How    Item
    Jig     King    Love      Mike    Nan      Oboe   Peter   Queen  Roger
    Sail    Tare    Uncle     Victor  William  X-ray  Yoke    Zebra
    
    ***** Western Union Teleg. Co. - 1945 ***** (JWA) - 30 December '00 NEW
    
    Contributor: Fred Brandes, USA.   (Western Union Brochure)
    
    Arthur   Benjamin   Charles   David   Edward   Frank   George   Henry
    Isaac    John   King    Louis   Mary     Nathan    Otto     Peter     Queen
    Robert   Samuel    Thomas   Union   Victor   William   X-Ray   Yellow   Zero
    
    .
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  • Mnemonic or Rythmic Morse Code Lists
  • These are sequences of words usually meant as training or learning aids to assist various methods of learning the Morse Code.
    Some consist of words whose vowels etc. represent dots or dashes in the relevant Morse letter.
    Others use rhymes or phrases whose initial letters indicate incrementing dots, dashes or combinations of the Morse letter.
    ***** US Civil War Phonetics - ca1860 ***** (JWA) - 26 Jun '97
    Contributor: Canadian Railway Telegraph History. Inventor - S.F.B. Morse.
    Ag-ainst       Bar-ba-ri-an    Cont-in-ent-al   Dah-li-a   Egg
    Fu-ri-ous-ly Gal-lant-ly Hu-mi-li-ty I-vy Ju-ris-dic-tion
    Kan-ga-roo Le-gis-la-tor Moun-tain Nob-le Off-ens-ive
    Pho-tog-raph-er Queen-Ka-tha-rine Re-bec-ca Se-ver-al
    Tea Un-i-form Ve-ry-Va-ried Wa-ter-loo
    Ex-hi-bi-tion Youth-ful-&-Fair 2long-2short [Morse for Z ]
    Mnemonic Alphabet where 1-2 letter syllables = 'dot' and 3+ letter syllables = 'dash' of the International Morse Code.
    BUT Six letters (L,P,Q,S,V,Y) do not conform.
    This and other anomolies must cast doubt on this Alphabet. (JWA)

  • ***** Chart c1908 at the Low Head Signal Station, Tasmania.***** - (JWA) - 6 Jun '97

    - Published by Brown & Son, Glasgow. c1908-1921.
    E-nglishmen  I-nvariably  S-upport  H-igh  A-uthority  U-nless  V-indictive.
    
    T-he  M-anaging  O-wners  N-ever    D-estroy  B-ills.
    
    R-emarks  W-hen  L-oose   P-lay     J-angling.
    
    F-ractious  G-alloping  Z-ig zag  K-nights  X-peditely C-apture Y-our Q-ueen.
    
    
    ***** Dutch Scouts Mnemonics 1950's? *****  - (JWA) - 10 Jun '99.
    
     -  de MM57 de Tony Smith G4FAI, de Bert van Kleef PA0GVK.
    
    An-ton           Bok-ke-wa-gen     Com-man-do-brug     Dors-vle-gel    Eend
    Feest-ge-no-ten   Groot-moe-der    Huis-be-zit-ter       Ie-mand   
    Ja-o-zo-mooi     Kloos-ter-poort   Lik-doorn-snij-der    Mo-tor   Noor-den
    Oor-logs-vloot   Per-mo-tor-fiets  Quols-dorp-in-nood    Re-vol-ver
    Sein-sleu-tel    Toon              U-ni-form             Va-kan-tie-woord
    Waar-borg-som    Zon-der-slag-woord   Yor-ker-moor-kop   Zoe-loe-kaf-fer
    
    * Syllables with an 'o', 'oo' = DASH,  others = DOT in Morse.
    Other examples occur in the above lists and from
    Siegfried Rambaum at siram@oldman.steinkamm.com


    .
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  • "Radiotelegraph and Radiotelephone Codes, Prowords and Abbreviations"

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    CONTENTS

    "Radiotelegraph and Radiotelephone Codes, Prowords and Abbreviations"
    Contents - Third Edition. October 2002

    Contact John Alcorn,         VK2JWA, QTHR,         ph 02-66215217,         vk2jwa@sarc.org.au
    Page
    6         Glossary of Abbreviations and Terms.
    7         Codes    ARL, PRB, RRR
    7         Q Code   QAA - QNZ         Civil Aviation
    15         QAA - QQZ         Maritime Services
    17         QRA - QZZ         Radio Telecommunications Service (All Services)
    23     Z Code ZAA - ZCZ         Air Traffic Control Services
    26         ZDA - ZFZ         Message Procedures
    28         ZGA - ZGZ         Calling Procedure
    29         ZHA - ZHM         Interference and Delay Procedure
                ZHN - ZHZ         Automatic Transmission Procedure
                ZIA - ZIZ         Serial Numbers
                ZJA - ZJZ         Optical Services and Equipment
    30         ZKA - ZKZ         Radio Guard Procedures
    31         ZLA - ZLM         Facsimile
                ZLN - ZLZ         Radio Navigation and Landing Facilities
                ZMA - ZMZ         Direction Finding
    32         ZNA - ZNZ         Communications Security
                ZOA - ZOM         Relay.
    33         ZON - ZOZ         Routing Procedures
                ZPA - ZPM         Strength and Readability
                ZPN - ZPZ         Search and Rescue Procedures.
    34         ZQA - ZQZ         Take Off and Landing Instructions
                ZRA - ZRZ         Frequencies
    35         ZSA - ZSZ         Air and Sea Traffic Control
                ZTA - ZTZ         Equipment
    36         ZUA - ZUM         Miscellaneous
    37         ZUN - ZUZ         Meteorology
                ZVA - ZVZ         Relay Procedure
                ZWA - ZWZ         Communications Exercises
                ZXA - ZXZ         Radiophoto and Facsimile.
    38         ZYA - ZZZ         Reserved for National Allocations, Multiplex.
                ZZA - ZZZ         Communications Exercises.
    39         Telegraphic Code to Insure Secrecy in the Transmission of Telegrams - 1885 - US War Dept.
    40         List of Procedures, Abbreviations, Prosigns and Priorities. British Army, 1896.
    41         Method of Coding Time, Ciphers and Cryptograms. 1896.
    42         German Regulations for the Control of Wireless Telegraphy - 1905 (Extracts)
    43         Z Codes,         Original 1907 from Admiralty ‘The British Signals Manual’.
    47         List of Prosigns, Abbreviations, RA-SF Codes ‘Handbook for Wireless Telegraph Operators’ 1908.
    48         Operator’s Qualifications - British Army 1896, Ship’s W/T Operator, British PO. 1908.
    49         List of Procedure Signs and QRA to QSJ and Abbreviations 1909. British Post Office.
    50         Machine gun fire observation semaphore signals. British Army ‘Infantry Training. 1911’.
    51         Miscellaneous Procedures, WW1, British and German, 1918
    52-74       X Codes         British Empire Forces c 1918 to c 1943+.
    74         Ground Signal Codes, The Panel Code. Referenced only, not listed.
    75         List of Military Data Transmission ‘X’-Codes.
    76         Zogging.         The Signalling Disc or Shutter.
    77         American - British military phraseology differences - Common usages.
    78         Radiotelegraphy and Radiotelephony Combined Abbreviations List
    105         Map – 1957 US Coastal Stations open for public correspondence.
    106         Five Letter Codes of the ITU and Cable and Wireless. 1975.
    130         Special Telegraphic Service Indicators for handling and charging etc. 1908 - 1996.
    132         Royal Navy Convoy Codes - WW I.
    133         Abbreviations - Phillips Press Code.
    138         ARRL - ARL Radiogram Abbreviations List. (1949).
    139         German Semaphore and Morse Methods and Procedures, with English Translation.
    143         Radio Signal Reporting Codes - QSA, QRK, Tone, SINFO and SINPFEMO Reports
    144         Phonetic Alphabets etc.         ( USA 1860, British, Australian, 1891-1915, R Navy 1917 )
    145         "         "         ( Brit – Aust. 1927 – 1943, USN 1913, US Army 1916, 1919 )
    146         "         "         ( USA 1922-41, Allied Forces 1943, ICAO 1947 )
    147         "         "         ( Allied Forces 1955, ICAO 1952, NATO 1956-83, IRC 1927, ITC 1932-58 )
    148         "         "         ( IITS 1932-75, Brit. PMG 1932, Western Union 1933, AR, Brit. 1942 )
    149         "         "         ( RSGB, British, ARRL, IBM, Afrikaans. )
    150         "         "         ( Argentina, Austria, Azores, Brazil, Chinese Army.)
    151         "         "         ( Czech, Croatian, Danish )
    152         "         "         ( Dutch, Esperanto, Finnish )
    153         "         "         ( Finnish, Flemish, French )
    154         "         "         ( French, German - WW1, WW2, > 1993, Greek )
    155         "         "         ( Hebrew, Hungarian )
    156         "         "         ( Hungarian, Indian, Italian )
    157         "         "         ( Italian )
    158         "         "         ( Italian, Kenya-Tanzania )
    159         "         "         ( Kenya, Kwanyama, Latin America )
    160         "         "         ( Ndonga, Norwegian, Polish )
    161         "         "         ( Polish, Portuguese )
    162         "         "         ( Portuguese, Romanian, Rumantsch, Russian, )
    163         "         "         ( Russian, Serbo-Croat )
    164         "         "         ( Slovak, Slovenian, South. Africa, Spanish )
    165         "         "         ( Spanish, Swahili )
    166         "         "         ( Swedish, Switzerland - [French, German, Italian, Romansh] )
    167         "         "         ( Turkish, Ukrainian )
    168         "         "         ( USA Police )
    169         "         "         ( Japanese, 1999 )
    170         "         "         ( NATO Phonetics 1987 - English and French pronunciations )
    171-192       International Code of Signals 1987-1995 - Extracts of new procedures, abbreviations.
    171         Methods of Signalling and General Instructions.
    173         Radiotelephony - Calling and basic procedure.
    174         Morse Signalling by Hand Flags or Arms.
    175         Procedure Signals for Voice, Telegraphy, Lights and Flags.
    178         Single Letter Signals for Icebreakers and Assisted Vessels.
    178         Distress - Vessels, Signals, Position.
    181         Search and Rescue - Proceding, Position, Info, Instructions, Search, Results, Rescue, Survivors.
    186         Communications - Calling, Answer, Acknowledge, Cancel, Communicate, Exercise.
    188         International Health Regulations.
    189         Table of Complements.
    190         Request for Medical Assistance - General, Description of Patient.
    191         Innocent Passage and Freedom of Navigation. ICS, Supp 1995.
    192         USA / Russia Supplementary Signals for Naval Vessels 1969, 1999.
    193         USA Landline Numerical Code - 1857, 1859 etc. Incomplete.
    194         USA Railroads - Weather, Block Codes, Abbreviations. Approx 1864 - 1909.
    195         USA Police Ten-Code - Postwar - 1996.
    197         USA Police etc. 11-Codes, 12-Codes, 1996.
    198         CB Radio Operator’s Ten-Code - 1996.
    199         CB Radio Operator’s 11 - Code.
    200         CB Radio Trucker’s 12 - Code - 1976.
    201         CB Radio Operator’s 13 - Code - 1996.
    202         British Police Radio Codes. – Restricted. 1972.
    203         Standard Marine Navigational Vocabulary, 1996.
    205         Telegraph Transmission Codes, Code Chronology.
    206         Chronology Early Machine Codes and Wireless Telegraphy.
    207         Information Sought. Wireless or Radio?
    207         Morse and Other Telegraph Codes - Introduction.
    208         French Method of Semaphoring by Hand Flags. 1911.
    209         Semaphore Alphabet - (ICS 1931). Morse and Semaphore Flag Positions. RN Pasley, 1866.
    210         The US General Service Code ( Myer, Army/Navy Code ) 1860-1912.
    212         1912 Flag usage, USA Morse. Conventional Signs for Flag, Torch, Heliograph, Flash Lantern.
    212         Other US services Codes, 1909 - 1915. Fog horn, whistle, bugle, bell, Ardois, Very, Semaphore.
    213         Light and Sound Signals, According to Colomb’s Flashing Signals System.
    215         Needle Telegraphs - Five, Two, Single Needle and Direct Indicating Telegraphs.
    216         Needle Telegraph Codes - Schilling, Gauss & Weber, Steinheil, Cooke & Wheatstone,
                                                               De La Rive, Wilson.
    218         Morse -       Morse, Vail, Bain, Boston Fire Dept., American, Austro-German.
    219                 "         Continental, Myer 1864-72, Myer 1912, WATCo, Phillips..
    220                 "         Buckingham, Barclay, USN Code, Anderson, Phillips American, US Navy Bugle.
    221                 "         Vietnam POW Codes, Polish Survival. – Punctuation.
    222                 "         International, USA (American) and Arabic Morse - 1943.
    223-224           "       Greek, Russian, Turkish and Japanese Morse - 1943-1997
    225                 "         Chinese
    227         The Heliograph. 1857 – 1995, Cairns to Coffs Harbour links.
    229         World Time Zones. 2001.
    230         Early Hughes, Wheatstone and Baudot Telegraph Systems.
    231         Addenda – Material received after printing of main text – Q, Z Codes, Abbrevs.
                   Patriot, Israeli, Navajo Phonetics
    235-236       Bibliography, Sources and References.

    Thank you to all contributors.
    Additional or corrected information is sought for future lists.  


    "Radiotelegraph and Radiotelephone Codes, Prowords and Abbreviations"
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    WICEN - Ch 1. Training Manual - Intro, Role, Duties.(.PDF File 10 pages, 42Kb.)
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     Radio and Electronics School - Ron Bertrand.
    ACP-124(D) Allied Comms. Publication - Radiotelegraphy Procedures 1987.

    ACP-125(F) Allied Comms. Publication - Radiotelephone Procedures 2001.

    ACP-130(A) Allied Comms. Instructions - Visual Procedures 2005.

    ACP-131(F) Communications Instructions Operating Signals 2006. ( Q & Z Codes) 

    FM 24-18 Training Manual, Tactical Single Channel Radio Comms Techniques.

    FM 24-19 Training Manual, Radio Operator's Handbook 1991.

    MCRP 3-40.3B Marine Radio Operator's Handbook 1999.

    MCRP 6-22 D   Field Antenna Handbook 1999.

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    Semaphore Hand Flag Signalling System

    International Marine Signal Flags

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    The Art and Skill of Radiotelegraphy - N0HFF.

    The Distress Signal - SSSDDD - CQD - SOE - SOS.

    The Titanic Disaster - The Radio Story.

    The Phillips Code - Part 1   Part 2   Part 3

    Cryptography Web Sites. - Codes & Cyphers, Info & Lists.

    Jim REEDS, - (COMMERCIAL TELEGRAPHIC CODE BOOKS)

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